Enschede Topological Housing
Mainly focused on the notion of living in a landscape and the redefinition of living in general, this project aims to maximize four households where the notion of sharing space forms a new concept of community. This design’s potential organizational system [landscape] is proposed as an organic, not a hierarchical system, where the needs and wishes of residents in all living situations can be made possible in a fluid way.
The four elements of the plots of the farm [clusters of buildings in the landscape] have been interpreted here and integrated into one coherent concept - a topological landscape which refers back to the "mound", a traditionally artificial increase in the landscape that protects the homestead against flooding. This re-entered topological undulation in the landscape gives each house its own private indoor and outdoor spaces, while a common space that is shared by the farm is created. This dual system of landscape and built structures creates a coherent spatial image for the whole area.
Traditional Cluster / Modern Cluster
Although the traditional cluster system [farm] was originally built to strengthen the impact of community and communication, the barriers were used to ensure strict and often harsh privacy. The modern reinterpretation softened this sacrifice. The topological landscape system gives each property a special identity and a new living reality without limiting security and intimacy. The topological changes in altitude encourage residents to interact with the landscape, where lines are surprising, walking always gives a new route, and the living is ideal.
Instead of a house put on a flat landscape, a fluid and coherent system is developed. An integrated structure of an artificial landscape and built elements distributes the hierarchy of the various levels and creates privacy. The basic form and place-making principles are the core of the design concept and are used to create intimacy and private areas with varying values while a community is formed.
Topological Landscape & Tree Houses
The organization of private ownership versus landscape was developed by studying a series of diagrams; these diagrams represent the different starting points for the development of various private plots within the farm. The public space is distorted in various directions, depending on the location and size of dwellings in the farm. The contour lines move closer to the entrance areas of the house, and move further away from the core of the house, where private spaces such as living rooms and bedrooms are placed. The contour lines represent concentrations of topological transformations and placement of buffer zones between public and private spaces.
To ensure privacy, these buffer zones are created where the specific landscape phenomena occur, which activate both the entrance and the private home. With the landscape lifted above the normal ground level, not only the topography but also the relationship between the home and the original landscape changes. The secondary landscape elements in the buffer zone deform the environment and emphasize the house's relationship with what was originally the ground level. Paths are created to provide services to every home, access sometimes cuts directly through it , creating the next topography. The 'yard' is regarded as the central meeting area where benches, planting and resting places create niches.
The transformations of the central 'yard' also causes changes in the private areas, thereby each receiving an individual quality and view. Based on this schematic organization, the architect decides which topological and formal qualities are optimal for each design. This freedom leads to an effective collaboration as the landscape not only benefits the individual property, but also the farm as a whole. The diagram allows for flexible and accurate design decisions, which are determined by the contour lines.
The Topological Property Typology
The introduction of a dynamic landscape has yielded three housing typologies:
* TOPO 1: EARTH HOUSE: living in the soil / green
• TOPO 2: HALF HOUSE: Living half in the ground / green
• TOPO 3: TOP HOUSE: ground / green
The house is embedded in the landscape. Constructed as well as landscape elements are designed to transform the house as a comprehensive integrated environment.
The residents live in a house that connects indoor and outdoor spaces, where structural elements and cantilevers allow the view to a beautiful green area.
There are numerous possible permutations of the three housing typologies mentioned earlier. When the landscape and built elements are placed in context, they interact and create precise and fluid transitions between different plots. The guidelines for each typology develops in creative ways, so that the resulting houses do not overwhelm the landscape, but integrate properly. This kind of designed landscape integration leads to a mysterious area within each dwelling. When the entrance of the house cuts through a landscape, one can be surprised by a garden that suddenly is above street level. Or, in another case, the reduced entrance of another property can lead to a lower terrace surrounded by plants and shrubs. The resulting architecture can therefore be as introverted or extroverted in this way as the architect and the homeowner wishes.
The intimacy of the farm with the four plots in the landscape is reinforced and at the same time, a greater quality of life for private living quarters created. The blurring of boundaries between interior and exterior spaces, the conventional way of private life, as well as in society, re-examined. The design emphasizes a high quality life and a modern lifestyle, fitting into the 21st century.
It Vaneker, the new residential area in Enschede, Twente introduces the traditional farmyard as Twente landscape now as a modern living principle. These exclusive houses with their large lots, introduce a completely new image, and a contemporary luxurious living environment.
This simple principle of a topological variation in the landscape gives tremendous freedom in potential solutions; while representing the private residential area as well as the social space inside the farmhouse guarantees variation. With this principle the four future residents and their architects can work together with the landscape given to create a dynamic whole.
Each individual house has an intelligent and adaptable system landscape attuned to the privacy needs of residents, facilitated by certain formal elements, which visitors and residents are allowed access to. These basic rules, when they are considered by an architect, allow the relationship between the houses in the landscape to remain intact while creating a building system that differs greatly from house to house.
The depression and elevation in the landscape animate not only view and rooms, but encourage the residents to integrate the topography intelligently and with attention. Here one finds not uniformly distributed in a predetermined houses landscape, but an integrated 'binary' system of landscape and built structures. This gives each house an individual quality and creates a coherent whole. This design proposal focuses mainly on the ratio of intelligent home, landscape, and environmental focus etc., which results in a free, non-hierarchical system between farm and home. The result is a community in which one has the privilege to live in the landscape itself.