ASIAN GAMES PARK, HANGZHOU CHINA 2018
As winners of this Invited Competition for the Asian games 2022, we were asked to design two stadiums, a commercial mall, three parking garages and a 1.6 km park for the 2022 Asian Games in Hangzhou, China. Working in conjunction with !Melk, Thornton Tomasetti, M.I.C., and Ryan Soames Engineering, we developed a scheme that offered an alternative view of the client's request, one that will live on far beyond the Asian Games themselves, that resulted in this winning commission.
The main Stadium concept combines innovative design inspired by China's cultural heritage. The main stadium aims to be an important landmark of Hangzhou, and integrates green design. As the site has a North and South area separated by a road and river, we proposed a new concept for the Mall; here designed as a Valley Village that connect the 2 sites under the road, it functions as the main artery and connects both stadiums. As the Games are on for merely two weeks, the Park’s LEGACY is important; we designed the park so that it will be a multi-functional, open and beautiful Neighborhood Park for years to follow.
The Park design is exemplary of the government’s Sponge City Concept, with the use of permeable surfaces and green infrastructures. Our Park integrates native plants, scenic wetlands for rainwater storage, and permeable pavement that stores excess runoff water and allows evaporation for temperature moderation, to enhance the Sponge City initiative. The proposal integrates innovative recreational concepts and complements the distinctive features of the south of YangTze river and the charm of Hangzhou in every detail of the design.
The Stadium Designs, as well as their integration in the Park, follow the Body within Body concept. A mysterious traditional object: the Cong, was an inspiration for concepts of intersection and overlap of the Stadium's building volumes. An extensive formal study resulted in an optimized building volume for the Table Tennis Stadium. For the outdoor Hockey Stadium, we studied the bamboo frame of the Meinong oil-paper umbrella. A large tensile structure roof extends over the stadium creating large shaded areas for both players and visitors. We used bamboo for interior wall cladding and floors of the stadiums, focusing on capitalizing upon its sustainability as a material.
Our stadiums form the focal points of the proposed park landscape. Like pebbles in a river, these objects rest confidently in their natural environment, a landscape of mounds and valleys, with sevral recreational areas. The Valley Village, a gently sloping and meandering linear mall serves as the connector between the two stadium sites. With various retail stores and pavilions, and a central foodcourt, this commercial area serves as a gathering spot during the games, and as a market for the neighborhood and weekend visitors. Sitting below a road and within our formed hills and valleys, along with underground parking, this new mall concept allows us to retain a maximum of surface area for the landscape park.
While appreciating the significance of the Hangzhou Asian Games and the importance of providing a recognizable and memorable venue, we believe that the value of our proposal lies greatly in the future adaptability and significance of our buildings and landscapes for the inhabitants of Hangzhou, as a cultural as well as a leisure and sports destination.